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Von der Leyen ‘silent’ on Gaza genocide case

Fianna Fáil MEP Barry Andrews has accused European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen of being “silent” on the genocide accusations facing Israel in a top UN court.

Mr Andrews co-hosted a legal discussion in Brussels about South Africa’s case against Israel in the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

Academics argued that the EU had not used every economic and diplomatic option available to them to reduce the number of Palestinian deaths and casualties, and emphasised the importance of third-party states enforcing the interim orders of the court.

The ICJ has issued two interim orders for Israel to prevent genocidal acts in Gaza and to ensure the “unhindered” delivery of food, water and medical supplies into the war-ravaged enclave.

Israel stringently denies it is committing genocide and says its military campaign is self defence.

Mr Andrews accepted that the case could take “a number of years” to end but said today’s discussion “focused on what actual positive obligations” the court’s interim orders “has on anybody who has actually signed the Genocide Convention”.

He told RTÉ’s Drivetime: “You can’t simply sit on the sidelines and watch all of this happen.

“The decision in January that found that Israel has to increase humanitarian aid and that there was a plausible case to answer, means that every single member state that has signed the Genocide Convention now has to do all it can to prevent that risk from coming about.”

Mr Andrews said it is not just a case of “stay out of the way, sit on the sidelines,” – it means, he said, that countries “really, really have to intervene and have to do something to stop the carnage that we’re all seeing on a daily basis”.

South Africa instituted proceedings at the ICJ against Israel last December (File image)

At the panel discussion, academics said that the ICJ highlighting the plausibility of genocide through interim measures trigger, at the very least, obligations to prevent a genocide.

“In order for these to be triggered, you don’t need a genocide to be ongoing,” said Vaios Koutroulis, professor of public international law at the Universite libre de Bruxelles.

The deputy head of Mission of the State of Palestine to the EU, Adel Atieh, asked about whether Israel was using EU tools available to it under trade programmes to conduct its military offensive, and whether there was any obligation on the EU to prevent genocide.

“The EU has some exclusive competencies to elaborate policies, mainly in trade, in scientific cooperation, and I’m referring mainly here to the participation of Israel to some scientific programmes and even to the Galileo programme,” he said.

“It would be an excellent question to check whether Israel is using the telecommunication network to identify targets in Gaza, and how Israel might use technology to kill civilians.”

EU actions amount to ‘very, very little’ – Janiana

Dill Janiana, professor in Global Security and co-director of the Oxford Institute of Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict, said in reply that actions taken by the EU amounted to “very, very little”.

“I’d really like to urge all policymakers and distinguished guests present today to think about the measures to be taken that are effective, ethical and legal,” she said.

“I do not think that a military intervention, yet another belligerent using force on this tiny, exhausted strip of land, is the way forward.

“But at the same time and I think this goes to the ambassador’s last question, there is ample room for measures that are effective, legal and ethical to reign in Israel’s conduct in the Gaza Strip that have simply not been taken yet.

“So I would really urge policymakers to think about restraining Israel’s conduct through arms embargoes, through the withdrawal of diplomatic and financial support, and through diplomatic pressure because I think there’s a huge space between what is, in principle, possible, legal and ethical and what has actually been done so far, which is very, very little,” Prof Janiana said.

EU’s ‘double standards’ on ICJ case ‘well illustrated’ – Andrews

Mr Andrews said the issue of “double standards” from the EU on how they responded to ICJ issuing provisional measures for Ukraine compared to Gaza was “well illustrated”.

“I think the point about double standards has been really well illustrated…about the way we’re approaching the Ukraine case and the European Union requiring that there would be compliance with provisional measures in the Ukraine case compared to silence in this one,” he said.

He said that he wished to question the value of states like Ireland intervening in South Africa’s ICJ case, and “how can we force the European Union to do more”, though it is not a signatory to the Genocide Convention.

Speaking after the event, Mr Andrews said: “When international law applies to some but not to others, this is hypocrisy and double standards.

“The EU Commission and Ursula von der Leyen are staying silent on South Africa’s genocide case against Israel at the International Court of Justice, despite supporting Ukraine in its proceedings before the same court in 2022.

“International law must be upheld in all circumstances.

“Ireland will intervene in the South Africa v Israel genocide case.

“When will other EU states join?”

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